We’ve discussed the story of the knife and fork, but there’s another set of utensils used by billions of people around the world—and it has a truly ancient past. The Chinese have been wielding chopsticks since at least 1200 B.C., and by A.D. 500 the slender batons had swept the Asian continent from Vietnam to Japan. From their humble beginnings as cooking utensils to paper-wrapped bamboo sets at the sushi counter, there’s more to chopsticks than meets the eye.The fabled ruins of Yin, in Henan province, provided not only the earliest examples of Chinese writing but also the first known chopsticks—bronze sets found in tombs at the site. Capable of reaching deep into boiling pots of water or oil, early chopsticks were used mainly for cooking. It wasn’t until A.D. 400 that people began eating with the utensils. This happened when a population boom across China sapped resources and forced cooks to develop cost-saving habits. They began chopping food into smaller pieces that required less cooking fuel—and happened to be perfect for the tweezers-like grip of chopsticks.As food became bite-sized, knives became more or less obsolete. Their decline—and chopsticks’ ascent—also came courtesy of Confucius. As a vegetarian, he believed that sharp utensils at the dinner table would remind eaters of the slaughterhouse. He also thought that knives’ sharp points evoked violence and warfare, killing the happy, contended mood that should reign during meals. Thanks in part to his teachings, chopstick use quickly became widespread throughout Asia.Different cultures adopted different chopstick styles. Perhaps in a nod to Confucius, Chinese chopsticks featured a blunt rather than pointed end. In Japan, chopsticks were 8 inches long for men and 7 inches long for women. In 1878 the Japanese became the first to create the now-ubiquitous disposable set, typically made of bamboo or wood. Wealthy diners could eat with ivory, jade, coral, brass or agate versions, while the most privileged used silver sets. It was believed that the silver would corrode and turn black if it came into contact with poisoned food.Throughout history, chopsticks have enjoyed a symbiotic relationship with another staple of Asian cuisine: rice. Naturally, eating with chopsticks lends itself to some types of food more than others. At first glance, you’d think that rice wouldn’t make the cut, but in Asia most rice is of the short- or medium-grain variety. The starches in these rices create a cooked product that is gummy and clumpy, unlike the fluffy and distinct grains of Western long-grain rice. As chopsticks come together to lift steaming bundles of sticky rice, it’s a match made in heaven.
Article/Title Details: A Brief History of Chopsticks
Author: Stephanie Butler
Website Name: History.com
Year Published: 2013
Access Date: January 30, 2016
LAUGHING IS THE BEST WORKOUT FOR YOUR DIET. One of the best gifts from the universe I was given is the ability to laugh at myself and life itself. This has maintained my sense of positivity and I consider it a cherished gift. But what exactly does laughter accomplish? I thought it an interesting consideration to look into a few articles to see if I am getting a great workout with my laughter. I need all of the calorie, attitude boosting activity I can count. Look what I found! See I am learning how to expand my healthy eating, exercising routine. I plan on laughing myself silly!
Give Your Body a Boost — With Laughter http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/default.htm
Vitamin B12 deficiency – Vitamin B12 Fact Sheet
Megaloblastic anemia – Vitamin B12 deficiency is a cause of megaloblastic anemia. In this type of anemia, red blood cells are larger than normal and the ratio of nucleus size to cell cytoplasm is increased. There are other potential causes of megaloblastic anemia, including folate deficiency.
Pernicious anemia – is a form of megaloblastic anemia that occurs when there is an absence of intrinsic factor, a substance normally present in the stomach. Vitamin B12 binds with intrinsic factor before it is absorbed and used by the body. An absence of intrinsic factor prevents normal absorption of B12 and may result in pernicious anemia.
Vitamin B6 deficiency – Vitamin B6 Fact Sheet
Your body needs Vitamin B6 to make hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the tissues. Vitamin B6 also helps increase the amount of oxygen carried by hemoglobin. A Vitamin B6 deficiency can result in a form of anemia that is similar to iron deficiency anemia.
Folic Acid deficiency – Folic Acid Fact Sheet
Folic acid deficiency anemia happens when your body does not get enough folic acid. Folic acid is one of the B vitamins, and it helps your body make new cells, including new red blood cells. Most people get enough folic acid in the food they eat. But some people either don’t get enough in their diet or have trouble absorbing it from the foods they eat.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Iron deficiency – United States, 1999–2000. MMWR 2002;51:897–899.
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Cod liver oil is a nutritional supplement derived from liver of cod fish. As with most fish oils, it has high levels of the omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Wikipedia
Note from Arline Miller: We are in a time when too many preservatives and chemicals are used in processing of our food and if we are in a position to buy organic and non GMO food, by all means we should. When we have our physicals, find out if you can have periodic blood profiles completed by lab work. I found out I had very low Vitamin D and through some addition of Vitamin D, I felt less tired and more focused mentally. Good Health to All.
Cornell researchers: Actually, you should weigh yourself every day